Current narratives point to the invigoration of Native American groups that became immersed in the new scheme of social participation in the XXI century. Entire countries in the Americas have acquired primacy in this trend, such as Canada, Mexico, Ecuador, and specially Bolivia, as they have captured the essence of indigeneity translated into the realm of sovereign decision-making and environmental planning amidst politics of globalization. It will be of great value for academia to posit thinkers of this indigenous awakening trend in agrobiodiversity conservation, ethnoecology, cultural identity and environmental conflict resolution from original people's perspectives and traditional knowledge. The newly declared Indigenous People’s rights, and the controversial ‘rights of Pachamama’ included in the new constitutions of both Bolivia and Ecuador, will serve as framework to discuss conservation territories, connectivity conservation, intangibles and authenticity, ethnoturism and axial topics of political ecology of the indigenous revival as related to conservation of sacred sites. Attempts to redefine farmscape dynamics incorporating the biocultural heritage paradigm are reinforced with the idea of agrobiodiversity conservation. The project aims to validate the proposed new transdisciplinary science of Montology, Two dissertation research projects are engaged with this program, a socialization of the idea and the gathering of bottom-up support has been obtained among the municipalities of El Collay Commonwealth, and a multidisciplinary intramural seed grant has been obtained from the International Collaborative Research Program of OIE-OVPR.